A 36 µW 1.1 mm2 reconfigurable analog front-end for cardiovascular and respiratory signals recording
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This paper presents a 1.2 V 36 µW reconfigurable analog front-end (R-AFE) as a general-purpose low-cost IC for multiple-mode biomedical signals acquisition. The R-AFE efficiently reuses a reconfigurable preamplifier, a current generator (CG), and a mixed signal processing unit, having an area of 1.1 mm2 per R-AFE while supporting five acquisition modes to record different forms of cardiovascular and respiratory signals. The R-AFE can interface with voltage-, current-, impedance-, and light-sensors and hence can measure electrocardiography (ECG), bio-impedance (BioZ), photoplethysmogram (PPG), galvanic skin response (GSR), and general-purpose analog signals. Thanks to the chopper preamplifier and the low-noise CG utilizing dynamic element matching, the R-AFE mitigates 1/f noise from both the preamplifier and the CG for improved measurement sensitivity. The IC achieves competitive performance compared to the state-of-the-art dedicated readout ICs of ECG, BioZ, GSR, and PPG, but with approximately 1.4×-5.3× smaller chip area per channel.
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CitationXu, J. [et al.]. A 36 µW 1.1 mm2 reconfigurable analog front-end for cardiovascular and respiratory signals recording. "IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems", 6 Abril 2018, vol. 12, núm. 4, p. 774-783.