Furfural production in a biphasic system using a carbonaceous solid acid catalyst
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The formation of furfural from xylose was investigated under heterogeneously catalyzed conditions with Starbon®450-SO3H as a catalyst in a biphasic system. Experiments were performed based on a statistical experimental design. The variables considered were time and temperature. Starbon®450-SO3H was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, N2-physisorption, thermogravimetric analysis, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform, Raman spectroscopy, pyridine titration and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results indicate that sulfonated Starbon®450-SO3H can be an effective solid acid catalyst for furfural formation. A maximum furfural yield and selectivity of 70¿mol% was achieved at complete xylose conversion under optimum experimental conditions. The present paper suggests that functionalized Starbon®450-SO3H can be employed as an efficient solid acid catalyst that has significant hydrothermal stability and can be reused for several cycles to produce furfural from xylose.
CitationGómez, G. [et al.]. Furfural production in a biphasic system using a carbonaceous solid acid catalyst. "Applied catalysis A. General", 5 Setembre 2019, vol. 585, p. 117180:1-117180:8.