Cancellation of scattering mechanisms in PolInSAR: application to underlying topography estimation
PublisherIEEE Press. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
This paper investigates the polarimetric dependence of the interferometric complex correlation and proposes amethodology for cancelling individual scattering mechanisms, in terms of the complex correlation coefficient phase, under the assumption of the random volume over ground model. This allows the estimation of the ground topography on forested and vegetated areas. The first part of the analysis considers the separation of the volume from the ground (including the double-bounce scattering mechanism). This process identifies the polarization states, without constraining them to be equal in both polarimetric acquisitions, which allow to cancel either the volume scattering contribution or the ground contribution. In order to have access to the interferometric phase of the remaining or isolated scattering mechanism, the polarimetric phase contribution of this scattering mechanism has to be removed in a second step. In the case of forested areas, the previous methodology is considered from two different point of views. For the estimation of the underlying ground topography, the cancellation of the volume scattering contribution makes possible to access the interferometric phase associated to the ground contribution. In addition, the interferometric information associated to the volume scattering contribution is estimated based on the cancellation of the ground contribution. The proposed techniques are analyzed on the basis of simulated and experimental polarimetric interferometric synthetic aperture radar data, demonstrating that the ground topography, as well as the height associated to the volume contribution, are asymptotically nonbiased and dependent on the shape of the particles of the random volume. In case of spheres (η = 0), the ground-to-volume ratio presents large values favoring the accurate estimation of the topographic phase. For the case of dipole like particles (η = 0.5), the ground-to-volume ration decreases producing a coherence |ρ| in the order of 0.1, making necessary a large speckle filtering to obtain a reliable estimation of the topographic phase.
CitationLopez, C.; Papathanassiou, K. Cancellation of scattering mechanisms in PolInSAR: application to underlying topography estimation. "IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing", Febrer 2013, vol. 51, núm. 2, p. 953-965.
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