Fire prevention with a UAV closed loop system
Document typeBachelor thesis
Rights accessRestricted access - author's decision
This project it is intended to analyse the possibilities of a real unmanned system. An unmanned aerial vehicle must be able to perform the whole mission on its own, without having an external input that guides it. Therefore that project focuses on a fire prevention system that is able to send a drone to a specific point to perform a mission without a human intervention. Let’s summarize the overall process in a nutshell. There are many sensors spread in a forest that have internet connection. As soon as a sensors detects that there’s a possible wildfire about to start or the conditions are susceptible for a wildfire to occur, sends a message with its location to the server. Then the drones that are closer to that specific sensor, decide which of them is closer to the sensor, and one of them automatically takes off. Once the drone reaches the sensors, performs a mission which has been auto programmed by the drone code in function of the conditions. Once the mission is complete, the drone goes back to the landing zone. The system has been able to perform a mission, by its own, with no external inputs, and on top of that, the decision making has also been done by the computer. The possibilities of such a system are endless as we could automatize a large list of process that nowadays require a human for repetitive tasks.
L'objectiu d'aquest estudi és dissenyar un UAS per prevenció d'incendis. S'haurà de crear i desplegar una xarxa de sensors de temperatura i humitat en una zona muntanyosa amb l'objectiu de mapejar-ne en temps real les seves condicions per tal d'evitar-ne possibles incendis per causes naturals. Aquests sensors estaran tots connectats a un servidor central que s'ocuparà de processar totes les dades i coordinar-se amb un UAV, el qual també estarà connectat a aquest servidor central. El servidor rebrà les dades dels sensors i prendrà la decisió d'enviar un UAV a la zona conflictiva fent el sistema tant autònom com sigui possible.