Power quality disturbances assessment during unintentional islanding scenarios. A contribution to voltage sag studies
Rights accessOpen Access
This paper presents a novel voltage sag topology that occurs during an unintentional islanding operation (IO) within a distribution network (DN) due to large induction motors (IMs). When a fault occurs, following the circuit breaker (CB) fault clearing, transiently, the IMs act as generators due to their remanent kinetic energy until the CB reclosing takes place. This paper primarily contributes to voltage sag characterization. Therefore, this novel topology is presented, analytically modelled and further validated. It is worth mentioning that this voltage sag has been identified in a real DN in which events have been recorded for two years. The model validation of the proposed voltage sag is done via digital simulations with a model of the real DN implemented in Matlab considering a wide range of scenarios. Both simulations and field measurements confirm the voltage sag analytical expression presented in this paper as well as exhibiting the high accuracy achieved in the three-phase model adopted.
CitationSerrano, A.; Casals, P.; Bosch, R. Power quality disturbances assessment during unintentional islanding scenarios. A contribution to voltage sag studies. "Energies", 20 Agost 2019, vol. 12, núm. 16, p. 3198:1-3198:12.