Impacts of implementation of electric scooters in daily transport: case study in Gävle
CovenanteeHögskolan i Gävle
Document typeMaster thesis
Rights accessOpen Access
In the last years, some companies have implemented a new transport sharing system in cities based on a one-way trip with electric scooters with the advantage that they can be parked wherever in the streets. Such an implementation has not been realized in Gävle until now. The main objective of this thesis is to study the impact of electric scooters (ES) to the environment and compare their emissions with other modes of transport. First, this thesis realize a study of the transport trends of people in the city of study, i.e. Gävle. Next, it is connected with a study of how a company like this will work in this city and which characteristics such as the operating area and the fleet number should it has. Finally, it is performed a full life cycle analysis of these scooters with the actual charging system and, also, how it would be if the actual collection and redistribution of the scooters at night is changed for a battery replacement. The main objective of that change is that the collectors will not need to collect the scooters at night in a big fueled vehicle and they will change it for a small EV or a simple bike in where carry the fully charged batteries. In addition, it has been calculated how the recycling of the batteries would affect to the total emissions compared with the disposal to the landfill. The LCA of the ES has been compared with EV and ICE cars in order to know how effects to the transport emissions the implementation of a rental scooter company. The total emission for kilometer of electric scooters are higher than EV but lower than ICE vehicles. The results show that electric scooters from a rental company are only reducing carbon emissions only if they replace car trips. At the moment that these scooters replace other modes of transport such as bus, bike or walking, it becomes a less clean option. Therefore, this company implementation does not reduce the CO2 emissions.