A Novel smart jacket for blood pressure measurement based in shape memory alloys
Document typeBachelor thesis
Rights accessOpen Access
Smart textiles with medical applications offer the possibility of continuous and non-invasively monitoring which benefit patients and doctors. To measure blood pressure in premature infants a miniature actuator that can be sewn to the fabric is required. For this reason, an actuator based on shape memory alloys has been designed so that it compresses as a conventional air cuff but with 3.5W power consumption and can be controlled by applying different Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) signals, thus offering several levels of compression. In addition, the first concept prototype of the smart jacket is achieved; made of a natural fiber fabric that incorporates: an optical sensor, a capacitive pressure sensor with great accuracy, the force actuator and a Lilypad Simblee control board which can be sewn to the fabric, is washable and has a Low Energy Bluetooh module (BBE) to connect to other devices. All this allows the systolic, diastolic and cardiac pressure to be measured for the first time in the world with the smart jacket by a semi-occlusive method. Altogether with a mobile application which allows doctors to monitor the patient at every moment, perform remote control, data measurement and recording in a comfortable and intuitive way that satisfies the necessity for a better clinical management to the growing number of patients and is a source of savings for the clinical services.
SubjectsSmart materials, Textile fabrics, Blood pressure -- Measurement, Materials intel·ligents, Teixits i tèxtils, Pressió sanguínia -- Mesurament
DegreeGRAU EN ENGINYERIA BIOMÈDICA (Pla 2009)