A photoplethysmography smartphone-based method for heart rate variability assessment: device model and breathing influences
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A measurement method of heart rate and heart rate variability (HRV) based on smartphone has been developed and validated. The method is based on photoplethysmography (PPG) acquired with the smartphone camera (SPPG). SPPG was compared with the electrocardiogram (ECG), used as the gold standard, and with an external PPG sensor. Twenty-three healthy subjects were measured using two different smartphone models in three different breathing conditions. The error of the first differentiation between SPPG and ECG series is minimized with the fiducial point at maximum first derivative of the SPPG. The obtained standard deviation of error (SDE) between SPPG and ECG is around 5.4 ms and it is similar to SDE between PPG and ECG. Good agreement between SPPG and ECG for NN, SDNN and RMSSD have been found but it is insufficient agreement for LF/HF. Similar levels of agreement for SPPG-ECG and PPG-ECG have been obtained for the HRV indices. Finally, the differences between smartphone models for HRV indices are slight. Therefore, the smartphone can be used for measuring accurately the following HRV indices: NN, SDNN and RMSSD.
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CitationGuede, F. [et al.]. A photoplethysmography smartphone-based method for heart rate variability assessment: device model and breathing influences. "Biomedical signal processing and control", Març 2020, vol. 57, p. 101717:1-101717:9.