Isothermal crystallization kinetics of poly(4-hydroxybutyrate) biopolymer
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Rights accessOpen Access
Thermal properties and crystallization kinetics of poly(4-hydroxybutyrate) (P4HB) have been studied. The polymer shows the typical complex melting behavior associated to different lamellar populations. Annealing processes had great repercussions on properties and the morphology of constitutive lamellae as verified by X-ray scattering data. Kinetics of isothermal crystallization was evaluated by both polarizing optical microscopy (POM) and calorimetric (DSC) measurements, which indicated a single crystallization regime. P4HB rendered banded spherulites with a negative birefringence when crystallized from the melt. Infrared microspectroscopy was applied to determine differences on the molecular orientation inside a specific ring according to the spherulite sectorization or between different rings along a determined spherulitic radius. Primary nucleation was increased during crystallization and when temperature decreased. Similar crystallization parameters were deduced from DSC and POM analyses (e.g., secondary nucleation parameters of 1.69 × 105 K2 and 1.58 × 105 K2, respectively). The effect of a sporadic nucleation was therefore minimized in the experimental crystallization temperature range and a good proportionality between overall crystallization rate (k) and crystal growth rate (G) was inferred. Similar bell-shaped curves were postulated to express the temperature dependence of both k and G rates, corresponding to the maximum of these curves close to a crystallization temperature of 14–15 °C
CitationKeridou, I. [et al.]. Isothermal crystallization kinetics of poly(4-hydroxybutyrate) biopolymer. "Materials", 1 Agost 2019, vol. 12, núm. 15, p. 2488:1-2488:20.