Curing epoxy with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) surface-functionalized CoxFe3- xO4 magnetic nanoparticles
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In this work, the bulk and surface composition of Fe3O4 supermagnetic nanoparticles were modified for efficient epoxy curing. The bare, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) capped, and cobalt (Co)-doped EDTA capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized electrochemically. The crystalline structure and phase information, surface capping, morphology and magnetization behavior of nanoparticles were studied by X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), respectively. A low amount of the prepared nanoparticle (0.1¿wt.%) was used in preparation of epoxy nanocomposites. Nonisothermal differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under different heating rates was performed to study the potential of nanoparticles in curing epoxy resin with an aliphatic amine. The heat release data on nanocomposites suggest that EDTA capped Co-doped Fe3O4 considerably improved the curing reaction between epoxy resin and the curing agent. Calculations based on Cure Index approved qualitatively a shift from Poor to Good cure by concurrent lattice and surface modifications of magnetic nanoparticles. It is bielived that the approach used in this work can pave the way to enhance curability of epoxy nanocomposites by the combined modification of bulk and surface of nanoparticles
CitationJouyandeh, M. [et al.]. Curing epoxy with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) surface-functionalized CoxFe3- xO4 magnetic nanoparticles. "Progress in organic coatings", 2019, vol. 136, núm. 105248, p. 1-8.