The communication cost of simulating POVMs over maximally entangled qubits
Document typeMaster thesis
Rights accessOpen Access
In [Toner and Bacon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 187904 (2003)], $1$ bit of communication was proven to be enough to simulate the statistics of local projective measurements over the maximally entangled state. Ever since then, the question of whether $1$ bit is also enough for the case of generalized measurements has been open. In this thesis, we retort to inefficiency-resistant Bell functionals, a powerful technique to prove lower bounds communication complexity, to numerically study this question. The results obtained suggest that, indeed, as is the case with projective measurements, $1$ bit of communication suffices to simulate POVMs over maximally entangled qubits.