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dc.contributor.authorda Costa Correia, Viviane
dc.contributor.authorArdanuy Raso, Mònica
dc.contributor.authorClaramunt Blanes, Josep
dc.contributor.authorSavastano, Holmer
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Ciència dels Materials i Enginyeria Metal·lúrgica
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Agroalimentària i Biotecnologia
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-23T11:30:04Z
dc.date.available2020-08-27T00:28:48Z
dc.date.issued2019-08-27
dc.identifier.citationda Costa, V. [et al.]. Assessment of chemical and mechanical behavior of bamboo pulp and nanofibrillated cellulose exposed to alkaline environments. "Cellulose", 27 Agost 2019, vol. 26, núm. 17, p. 9269-9285
dc.identifier.issn0969-0239
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/168612
dc.description.abstractThis study was performed to study the effects of the cement paste composition (calcium aluminate cement—CAC and a geopolymer in comparison to Portland cement—OPC) on bamboo pulp and nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC). The changes in the composition and chemical structure of the fibers were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The changes in the mechanical strength were evaluated through tensile tests on the fibers after immersion on the cement pastes, in the form of sheets. The XPS results showed that the immersion of the pulp and NFC in the different pastes (CAC, geopolymer and OPC) modified the chemical surface of these fibers: it was found removal of lignin and extractives and some degradation of hemicellulose and cellulose. The FTIR analysis indicated modifications in the hydrogen bonds energy. The tensile strength of pulp sheets decreased in 70% and 34% after immersion in OPC and geopolymer, respectively. The tensile strength of the NFC sheets decreased 36%, 68% and 54% after immersion in OPC, CAC and geopolymer, respectively. Thus, the response of the bamboo pulp and NFC immersed in different cement pastes was different due the inherent characteristics of such fibers, and not only the Portland cement should be considered as harmful to lignocellulosic fibers. Although CAC and geopolymer are free of calcium hydroxide, the high alkalinity of these pastes also accelerated the degradation process of lignocellulosic fibers
dc.format.extent17
dc.language.isoeng
dc.subject.lcshBamboo
dc.subject.lcshBamboo-pulp industry
dc.subject.lcshCellulose
dc.subject.lcshPulpwood
dc.subject.otherBamboo pulp
dc.subject.otherNanofibrillated cellulose
dc.subject.otherDegradation
dc.subject.otherHigh alkalinity
dc.titleAssessment of chemical and mechanical behavior of bamboo pulp and nanofibrillated cellulose exposed to alkaline environments
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacBambú
dc.subject.lemacCel·lulosa
dc.subject.lemacPolpa de fusta
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. TECTEX - Grup de Recerca en Tecnologia Tèxtil
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10570-019-02703-7
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10570-019-02703-7
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
local.identifier.drac25836827
dc.description.versionPostprint (author's final draft)
local.citation.authorda Costa, V.; Ardanuy, M.; Claramunt, J.; Savastano, H.
local.citation.publicationNameCellulose
local.citation.volume26
local.citation.number17
local.citation.startingPage9269
local.citation.endingPage9285


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