Amperometric thyroxine sensor using a nanocomposite based on graphene modified with gold nanoparticles carrying a thiolated beta-cyclodextrin
Rights accessOpen Access
All rights reserved. This work is protected by the corresponding intellectual and industrial property rights. Without prejudice to any existing legal exemptions, reproduction, distribution, public communication or transformation of this work are prohibited without permission of the copyright holder
This article reports a novel electrochemical sensor based on a nanocomposite for the sensitive determination of Thyroxine (T4), the active form of the hormone. Hydrodynamic amperometry is performed with a nanocomposite electrode based on the dispersion of a graphene–based filler hybrid-nanomaterial throughout an insulating epoxy resin in the optimum composition ratio (the near–percolation composition). This hybrid-nanomaterial consists of reduced graphene oxide tuned with gold nanoparticles and a biorecognition agent, the thiolated ß-cyclodextrin. Recognition of T4 is accomplished via supramolecular chemistry, due to the formation of an inclusion complex between ß-cyclodextrin and T4. The amperometric device operates at +0.85 V vs. Ag/AgCl, where the oxidation of T4 takes place on the electrode surface. The sensor covers the 1.00 nM to 14 nM T4concentration range in a 0.1 M HCl solution, with a detection limit of 1.00 ± 0.02 nM. The sensor can be easily reset by polishing. It exhibits the lowest detection limit regarding to any other electrochemical electrodes for T4 determination previously described in literature
CitationMuñoz, J. [et al.]. Amperometric thyroxine sensor using a nanocomposite based on graphene modified with gold nanoparticles carrying a thiolated beta-cyclodextrin. "Microchimica acta", Maig 2016, vol. 183, núm. 5, p. 1579-1589.