Glycerol desorption from ion exchange and adsorbent resin using supercritical fluid technology: An optimization study
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In this study, glycerol desorption from Purolite® PD206 resin was investigated using conventional and supercritical fluids (SCF) techniques. Untreated biodiesel was purified by dry washing using the resin and, after purification, the glycerol desorption was carried out using absolute ethanol under atmospheric conditions at different mass flows (10–30 g/min) or using ethanol-modified supercritical CO2 (1:3 molar ratio of ethanol:CO2), under a pressure of 140 bar, within a temperature range of 106–134ºC and with mass flow rates of 6–34 g/min. The results showed that ethanol is an efficient solvent for this process and that the supercritical desorption is much faster than conventional desorption process. Employing the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) it was found that temperature has the greatest effect on the resin regeneration time using supercritical fluids. Optimum conditions obtained were 106.1ºC and 21.9 g/min, in which the resin was regenerated in only 4.17 min.
CitationCosta, A. [et al.]. Glycerol desorption from ion exchange and adsorbent resin using supercritical fluid technology: An optimization study. "Journal of supercritical fluids", Setembre 2011, vol. 58, núm. 2, p. 226-232.
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