Metastability of quantum droplet clusters
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics (AIP)
Rights accessOpen Access
We show that metastable ring-shaped clusters can be constructed from two-dimensional quantum droplets in systems described by the Gross-Pitaevskii equations augmented with Lee-Huang-Yang quantum corrections. The clusters exhibit dynamical behaviours ranging from contraction to rotation with simultaneous periodic pulsations, or expansion, depending on the initial radius of the necklace pattern and phase shift between adjacent quantum droplets. We show that, using an energy-minimization analysis, one can predict equilibrium values of the cluster radius that correspond to rotation without radial pulsations. In such a regime, the clusters evolve as metastable states, withstanding abrupt variations in the underlying scattering lengths and keeping their azimuthal symmetry in the course of evolution, even in the presence of considerable perturbations.
CitationKartashov, Y.V.; Malomed, B.; Torner, L. Metastability of quantum droplet clusters. "Physical review letters", 14 Maig 2019, vol. 122, p. 193902-1-193902-7.