Charging demand of Plug-in Electric Vehicles: Forecasting travel behavior based on a novel Rough Artificial Neural Network approach
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The market penetration of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) is escalating due to their energy saving and environmental benefits. In order to address PEVs impact on the electric networks, the aggregators need to accurately predict the PEV Travel Behavior (PEV-TB) since the addition of a great number of PEVs to the current distribution network poses serious challenges to the power system. Forecasting PEV-TB is critical because of the high degree of uncertainties in drivers’ behavior. Existing studies mostly simplified the PEV-TB by mapping travel behavior from conventional vehicles. This could cause bias in power estimation considering the differences in PEV-TB because of charging pattern which consequently could bungle economic analysis of aggregators. In this study, to forecast PEV-TB an artificial intelligence-based method -feedforward and recurrent Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) with Levenberg Marquardt (LM) training method based on Rough structure - is developed. The method is based on historical data including arrival time, departure time and trip length. In this study, the correlation among arrival time, departure time and trip length is also considered. The forecasted PEV-TB is then compared with Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) which is the main benchmarking method in this field. The results comparison depicted the robustness of the proposed methodology. The proposed method reduces the aggregators’ financial loss approximately by 16 $/PEV per year compared to the conventional methods. The findings underline the importance of applying more accurate methods to forecast PEV-TB to gain the most benefit of vehicle electrification in the years to come.
CitationJahangir, H. [et al.]. Charging demand of Plug-in Electric Vehicles: Forecasting travel behavior based on a novel Rough Artificial Neural Network approach. "Journal of cleaner production", 20 Agost 2019, vol. 229, p. 1029-1044.