Nucleosynthesis during the merger of white dwarfs and the origin of R Coronae Borealis stars
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Many hydrogen-deficient stars are characterized by surface abundance patterns that are hard to reconcile with conventional stellar evolution. Instead, it has been suggested that they may represent the result of a merger episode between a helium and a carbon–oxygen white dwarf. In this Letter, we present a nucleosynthesis study of the merger of a 0.4M helium white dwarf with a 0.8M carbon–oxygen white dwarf, by coupling the thermodynamic history of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics particles with a post-processing code. The resulting chemical abundance pattern, particularly for oxygen and fluorine, is in qualitative agreement with the observed abundances in R Coronae Borealis stars.
CitationLongland, R. [et al.]. Nucleosynthesis during the merger of white dwarfs and the origin of R Coronae Borealis stars. "The astrophysical journal letters", 20 Agost 2011, vol. 737, núm. 2, p. 1-4.