Spatio-temporal gait analysis based on human-smart rollator interaction
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The ability to walk is typically related to several biomechanical components that are involved in the gait cycle (or stride), including free mobility of joints, particularly in the legs; coordination of muscle activity in terms of timing and intensity; and normal sensory input, such as vision and vestibular system. As people age, they tend to slow their gait speed, and their balance is also affected. Also, the retirement from the working life and the consequent reduction of physical and social activity contribute to the increased incidence of falls in older adults. Moreover, older adults suffer different kinds of cognitive decline, such as dementia or attention problems, which also accentuate gait disorders and its consequences. In this paper we present a methodology for gait identification using the on-board sensors of a smart rollator: the i-Walker. This technique provides the number of steps performed in walking exercises, as well as the time and distance travelled for each stride. It also allows to extract spatio-temporal metrics used in medical gait analysis from the interpretation of the interaction between the individual and the i-Walker. In addition, two metrics to assess users’ driving skills, laterality and directivity, are proposed.
CitationCortés, A.; Martínez, A.; Béjar, J. Spatio-temporal gait analysis based on human-smart rollator interaction. "Communications in computer and information science", 2019, vol. 1002, p. 68-83.