dReDBox: A Disaggregated Architectural Perspective for Data Centers
Document typePart of book or chapter of book
Rights accessOpen Access
European Commission's projectdReDBox - Disaggregated Recursive Datacentre-in-a-Box (EC-H2020-687632)
Data centers are currently constructed with fixed blocks (blades); the hard boundaries of this approach lead to suboptimal utilization of resources and increased energy requirements. The dReDBox (disaggregated Recursive Datacenter in a Box) project addresses the problem of fixed resource proportionality in next-generation, low-power data centers by proposing a paradigm shift toward finer resource allocation granularity, where the unit is the function block rather than the mainboard tray. This introduces various challenges at the system design level, requiring elastic hardware architectures, efficient software support and management, and programmable interconnect. Memory and hardware accelerators can be dynamically assigned to processing units to boost application performance, while high-speed, low-latency electrical and optical interconnect is a prerequisite for realizing the concept of data center disaggregation. This chapter presents the dReDBox hardware architecture and discusses design aspects of the software infrastructure for resource allocation and management. Furthermore, initial simulation and evaluation results for accessing remote, disaggregated memory are presented, employing benchmarks from the Splash-3 and the CloudSuite benchmark suites.
CitationAlachiotis, N. [et al.]. dReDBox: A Disaggregated Architectural Perspective for Data Centers. A: "Hardware Accelerators in Data Centers". Springer, 2018, p. 35-56.