Conformance and performance roles of bank boards: the connection between non-performing loans and non-performing directorships
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This study evaluates how non-performing loans and different types of board turnover—which we link to performing directorship (natural turnover) and non-performing directorship (forced turnover)—impact the economic performance (ROA) of banks. The proposed model and hypotheses, based on the conformance and performance roles of boards, are tested on a rich sample that includes all banking firms operating in Costa Rica between 2000 and 2012. The results indicate that the negative effect of non-performing loans on ROA is significantly greater in banks with non-performing directorship associated with high rates of unexpected changes in the board. The findings of this study highlight the importance of balancing financial and non-financial goals if superior governance and economic performance are the objectives pursued by organisations.
CitationLafuente, E.; Vaillant, Y.; Vendrell, F. Conformance and performance roles of bank boards: the connection between non-performing loans and non-performing directorships. "European Management Journal", 1 Maig 2019.