Electrical evaluation of bacterial virulence factors using nanopores
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy (embargoed until 2020-03-19)
In this work, we propose a novel methodology for electrical monitoring using nanoporous alumina membranes of virulence factors secreted by bacterial pathogens. Bacterial hyaluronidase (HYAL), which is produced by a number of invasive Gram-positive bacteria, is selected as a model compound to prove the concept. Our electrochemical setup takes advantage of the flat surface of indium tin oxide/poly(ethylene terephthalate) (ITO/PET) electrodes for their assembly with the nanoporous membrane. The proposed analytical method, based on the electrical monitoring of the steric/electrostatic nanochannels blocked upon formation of an antibody–HYAL immunocomplex, reached detection limits as low as 64 UI/mL (17.3 U/mg) HYAL. The inert surface of the ITO/PET electrodes together with the anti-biofilm properties of the 20 nm pore-sized alumina membranes allows for culturing the bacteria, capturing the secreted enzymes inside the nanochannels, and removing the cells before the electrochemical measurement. Secreted HYAL at levels of 1000 UI/mL (270 U/mg) are estimated in Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus cultures, whereas low levels are detected for Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa (used as a negative control). Finally, HYAL secretion inhibition by RNAIII-inhibiting peptide (YSPWTNF-NH2) is also monitored, opening the way for further applications of the developed monitoring system for evaluation of the antivirulence potential of different compounds. This label-free method is rapid and cheap, avoiding the use of the time-consuming sandwich assays. We envisage future applications for monitoring of bacterial virulence/invasion as well as for testing of novel antimicrobial/antivirulence agents.
CitationDe La Escosura, A.; Ivanova, K.; Tzanov, T. Electrical evaluation of bacterial virulence factors using nanopores. "ACS Applied materials and interfaces", 19 Març 2019, vol.11, núm. 14, p.13140-131146
|T.Tzanov_Bacter ... ls_Revised Manuscript.docx||7,991Mb||Microsoft Word 2007||Restricted access|