A nafion film cover to enhance the analytical performance of the CuO/Cu electrochemical sensor for determination of chemical oxygen demand
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Rights accessOpen Access
We modified and evaluated the performance of a CuO/Cu electrochemical electrode for chemical oxygen demand (COD) determination by covering it with a Nafion (Nf) film. The resulting modified CuONf/Cu electrode sensor was used for the electrochemical determination of COD in river, slaughterhouse and estuarine water samples in order to evaluate its performance for this particular task. It was compared with the CuO/Cu sensor with no Nafion. The main electrochemical characteristics of interest, resistance, sensitivity, accuracy and reproducibility, were assessed by means of Linear Sweep Voltammetry using glucose as a standard. Results of these essays indicate that the procedure used produced smooth and firmly attached Nf films covering the whole copper surface. This sensor was shown to be resistant to interferences and effective in electro-oxidation of a wide range of organic compounds and therefore very useful for COD determination. Using the newly developed CuONf/Cu electrode an analytical linear range of 50 to 1000 mg·L-1 COD, with a detection limit of 2.11 mg·L-1 (n = 6) COD was achieved. The comparison shows that the CuONf/Cu sensor is more appropriate for COD determination than its counterpart with no Nafion.
CitationCarchi, T. [et al.]. A nafion film cover to enhance the analytical performance of the CuO/Cu electrochemical sensor for determination of chemical oxygen demand. "Sensors", 6 Febrer 2019, vol. 19, núm. 3, p. 1-17.