Explicit inverse of nonsingular Jacobi matrices
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We present here the necessary and sufficient conditions for the invertibility of tridiagonal matrices, commonly named Jacobi matrices, and explicitly compute their inverse. The techniques we use are related with the solution of Sturm–Liouville boundary value problems associated to second order linear difference equations. These boundary value problems can be expressed throughout a discrete Schrödinger operator and their solutions can be computed using recent advances in the study of linear difference equations. The conditions that ensure the uniqueness solution of the boundary value problem lead us to the invertibility conditions for the matrix, whereas the solutions of the boundary value problems provide the entries of the inverse matrix
CitationEncinas, A.; Jiménez, M.J. Explicit inverse of nonsingular Jacobi matrices. "Discrete applied mathematics", 30 Juny 2019, vol. 263, p. 130-139.