Sorption and desorption studies of Pb(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solutions by a new composite based on alginate and magadiite materials
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Rights accessOpen Access
A new composite material based on alginate and magadiite/Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (CAM-D2EHPA) was successfully prepared by previous impregnation of layered magadiite with D2EHPA extractant, and then immobilized into the alginate matrix. Air dried beads of CAM-D2EHPA were characterized by FTIR and SEM–EDX techniques. The sorbent was used for the separation of lead and nickel from nitrate solutions; the main parameters of sorption such as contact time, pH of the solution, and initial metal concentration were studied. The beads recovered 94% of Pb(II) and 65% of Ni(II) at pH 4 from dilute solutions containing 10 mg L-1 of metal (sorbent dosage, S.D. 1 g L-1). The equilibrium data gave a better fit using the Langmuir model, and kinetic profiles were fitted using a pseudo-second order rate equation. The maximum sorption capacities obtained (at pH 4) were 197 mg g-1 and 44 mg g-1 for lead and nickel, respectively. The regeneration of the sorbent was efficiently carried out with a dilute solution of HNO3 (0.5 M). The composite material was reused in 10 sorption–elution cycles with no significant differences on sorption uptake. A study with synthetic effluents containing an equimolar concentration of both metals indicated a better selectivity towards lead ions
CitationAttar, K. [et al.]. Sorption and desorption studies of Pb(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solutions by a new composite based on alginate and magadiite materials. "Polymers", 15 Febrer 2019, vol. 11, núm. 2, p. 11020340-1-11020340-18.