Inclusion of chemical effect in a fully coupled THM finite element code
Document typeConference lecture
PublisherThe Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)
Rights accessOpen Access
Bentonite-rich clays can be used as a buffer / backfill material in deep geological repositories for nuclear waste. The prediction of the long-term performance of a buffer / backfill in such a complex environment, where the temperature, humidity and chemistry of water change, requires a fully thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical (THMC) coupled numerical code. This paper presents a simple extension of a THM coupled finite element code to include chemical effects. After deriving the governing salt mass balance equation and discussing its implementation into the code, the paper verifies the extended framework against an analytical solution for 1D salt transport. In addition, the article presents a validation example in which the code replicates experimental data. The numerical results obtained from the extended THMC coupled finite element code encourage further investigation of the chemical effects on the mechanical and thermal behaviour of the material, which would serve the ultimate goal of achieving a safer design of the nuclear waste storage facility.
CitationAbed, A.A. [et al.]. Inclusion of chemical effect in a fully coupled THM finite element code. A: International Conference on Unsaturated Soils. "Unsaturated Soils: UNSAT 2018: The 7th International Conference on Unsaturated Soils". Hong Kong: The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), 2018, p. 827-832.