Collimated beam FMCW radar for vital sign patient monitoring
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Patient monitoring of vital signals such as breathing rhythm and heart beat rate can be done remotely by the use of a radar system. This approach is advantageous since it does not require any contact with the patient. Obviously contactless monitoring results in a more comfortable situation for the patient, and in occasions it is almost mandatory as in the case of heavy burnt or newborn patients. Moreover, additional information such movement patterns are also available. A 120 GHz FMCW radar is described with special focus on the design, construction and testing of a specific reflector antenna for the system. The system is based on a commercial radar chipset that includes its own antennas. The challenge has been to design the optimum reflector and to build it and test it in a cost effective way. The reflector has been 3D printed and a near-field testing technique has been implemented to assess its performance. The results show that the system is able to measure the vital signs at distances beyond one meter.
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CitationPrat, A., Blanch, S., Aguasca, A., Romeu, J., Broquetas, A. Collimated beam FMCW radar for vital sign patient monitoring. "IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation", 18 Desembre 2018, vol. 67, núm. 8, p. 5073-5080.
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