Molecular features characterizing non-peptide selectivity to the human B1 and B2 bradykinin receptors
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Bradykinin is produced in response to inflammation, trauma, burns, shock, allergy and some cardiovascular diseases. Actions of this peptide are mediated through two different G-protein coupled receptors, named B1 and B2 that have different pharmacological characteristics. The former is up-regulated during inflammation episodes or tissue trauma whereas, the latter is constitutively expressed in a variety of cell types. In a previous work we have characterized the molecular features that explain the observed structure-activity results for both receptors by means of molecular modeling studies, using diverse ligands for both receptors. These results were summarized in the form of two different pharmacophores that provided new insights to be used for the design of novel molecules with antagonistic profile. In the present work, we compare these pharmacophores to understand the features that characterize ligand selectivity to the two bradykinin receptors. The study shows that most of the residues involved in the binding pocket are similar in both receptors and consequently are the pharmacophores obtained. The main difference between the two pharmacophores remains on point #5 that involves a polar moiety for the B1 receptor and an aromatic ring for the B2 receptor. Accordingly, analysis of the prospective bound conformation of several non-selective small molecule ligands of the bradykinin receptors permits to conclude that fulfilment of point#5 is a requirement to produce selective ligands. However, the study also shows that this is a necessary condition only, since ligands need also to be bulky enough to avoid binding to these receptors in diverse poses. These results provide new insights for a better understanding of the molecular features that ligands are required to exhibit to be selective bradykinin ligands. © 2018
CitationRasaeifar, B., Lupala, C., Gomez-Gutierrez, P., Perez, J. Molecular features characterizing non-peptide selectivity to the human B1 and B2 bradykinin receptors. "Bioorganic and medicinal chemistry letters", 1 Gener 2019, vol. 29, núm. 1, p. 11-14.