Velocity fluctuations and hydrodynamic diffusion in sedimentation
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We study non-equilibrium velocity fluctuations in a model for the sedimentation of non-Brownian particles experiencing long-range hydrodynamic interactions. The complex behavior of these fluctuations, the outcome of the collective dynamics of the particles, exhibits many of the features observed in sedimentation experiments. In addition, our model predicts a final relaxation to an anisotropic (hydrodynamic) diffusive state that could be observed in experiments performed over longer time ranges.
CitationMiguel Lopez, M.C., Pastor-Satorras, R. Velocity fluctuations and hydrodynamic diffusion in sedimentation. "Europhysics letters", 23 Gener 2001, vol. 54, núm. 1, p. 45-50.