Random walks on complex trees
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We study the properties of random walks on complex trees. We observe that the absence of loops is reflected in physical observables showing large differences with respect to their looped counterparts. First, both the vertex discovery rate and the mean topological displacement from the origin present a considerable slowing down in the tree case. Second, the mean first passage time (MFPT) displays a logarithmic degree dependence, in contrast to the inverse degree shape exhibited in looped networks. This deviation can be ascribed to the dominance of source-target topological distance in trees. To show this, we study the distance dependence of a symmetrized MFPT and derive its logarithmic profile, obtaining good agreement with simulation results. These unique properties shed light on the recently reported anomalies observed in diffusive dynamical systems on trees.
CitationBaronchelli, A., Catanzaro, M., Pastor-Satorras, R. Random walks on complex trees. "Physical review E: statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics", 18 Juliol 2008, vol. 78, núm. 1, p. 011114-1-011114-9.