A 2.4 GHz CMOS class-F power amplifier with reconfigurable load-impedance matching
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© 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.A novel reconfigurable CMOS class-F power amplifier (PA) at 2.4 GHz is proposed in this paper. It is able to match the output load variations mainly due to the effect of hand and head on a mobile phone. The effect of load variation on power-added efficiency (PAE), output power, and distortion is compensated by reconfiguring the output network using an impedance tuner. The tuner controls the output matching at fundamental frequency without affecting the class-F harmonic tuning up to 3rd harmonic. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first design of a CMOS class-F PA addressed to compensate the effect of load variation. Measurement results for 50 ohm load impedance show a maximum PAE of 26% and maximum output power of 19.2 dBm. The measured total harmonic distortion is 4.9%. Measurement results for load values other than 50 ohm show that PAE increases from 6.5% (not-tuned PA) up to 19.9% (tuned PA) with the same output power (19.2 dBm). Tuning also reduces the adjacent-channel leakage ratio by 5 dB and the spectral regrowth of a Wi-Fi signal at the PA output. The size of the fabricated chip is 1.6 mm × 1.6 mm.
CitationGilasgar, M., Barlabe, A., Pradell, L. A 2.4 GHz CMOS class-F power amplifier with reconfigurable load-impedance matching. "IEEE transactions on circuits and systems I: regular papers", 2019, vol. 66, núm. 1, p. 31-42.