P-type c-Si solar cells based on rear side laser processing of Al 2O 3/SiC x stacks
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In this work, we further investigate a new strategy to passivate and contact the rear side of p-type c-Si solar cells based on the laser processing of aluminum oxide (Al2O3)/amorphous silicon carbide (SiCx) stacks before rear metallization. For this stack, surface passivation of outstanding quality is obtained with effective surface recombination velocities in the 1 cm/s range on <100> FZ 2.3 O cm p-type substrates. The dielectric stack is processed with a 1064 nm laser defining square matrixes of spots where the dielectric film is opened. Simultaneously, part of the aluminum contained in the Al2O3 film is locally introduced into the c-Si, creating a p+ region. The presence of a SiCx capping layer onto the Al2O3 helps in the formation of this local back surface field reducing surface recombination velocity at the contacts to ~2×103 cm/s. This new technique is applied to 2×2 cm2 solar cells leading to photovoltaic conversion efficiencies well beyond 20% on 0.5 and 2.3 O cm substrates.
CitationOrtega, P., Martin, I., Lopez, G., Colina, M.A., Orpella, A., Voz, C., Alcubilla, R. P-type c-Si solar cells based on rear side laser processing of Al 2O 3/SiC x stacks. "Solar energy materials and solar cells", Novembre 2012, vol. 106, p. 80-83.