Software-based implementation of LTE/Wi-Fi aggregation and its impact on higher layer protocols
Document typeConference report
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
Due to the fast growing of data consumed in mobile devices through cellular networks, solutions that provide higher data rates are an important target for the mobile networking community. One such solution is the aggregation of mobile technologies (most commonly LTE) with wireless LAN solutions (most commonly Wi-Fi). Seeing its potential impact, 3GPP has devised the LTE/Wi-Fi Aggregation (LWA) specification, which defines a tight coupling between eNBs and Wi-Fi Access Points (APs). In this paper, we implement and evaluate an LWA solution, and compare its performance to the one for full offloading (only Wi-Fi) and no offloading (only LTE) through physical experimentation. The developed prototype LWA solution is based on open source and commodity hardware, which promises a low-cost and easily implementable LWA solution. Aggregation and offloading process are managed by the eNB, therefore, the core network remains intact without any modification. Physical experiments are done to detail the network performances for all these three policies for TCP and UDP traffic and both for uplink and downlink connections. In TCP transmissions with LWA policy, the different delays between Wi-Fi and LTE links causes the performance degradation because of the out-of-order arrivals of the segments. For this, we evaluate a solution where an artificial delay is added to reduce the number of out-of-order packets.
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CitationIbarra, D., Desai, N., Demirkol, I. Software-based implementation of LTE/Wi-Fi aggregation and its impact on higher layer protocols. A: IEEE International Conference on Communications. "2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) : proceedings : Kansas City, MO, USA 20 – 24 May 2018". Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018, p. 1-6.