Extracranial Estimation of Neural Mass Model Parameters Using the Unscented Kalman Filter
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Data assimilation, defined as the fusion of data with preexisting knowledge, is particularly suited to elucidating underlying phenomena from noisy/insufficient observations. Although this approach has been widely used in diverse fields, only recently have efforts been directed to problems in neuroscience, using mainly intracranial data and thus limiting its applicability to invasive measurements involving electrode implants. Here we intend to apply data assimilation to non-invasive electroencephalography (EEG) measurements to infer brain states and their characteristics. For this purpose, we use Kalman filtering to combine synthetic EEG data with a coupled neural-mass model together with Ary’s model of the head, which projects intracranial signals onto the scalp. Our results show that using several extracranial electrodes allows to successfully estimate the state and a specific parameter of the model, whereas one single electrode provides only a very partial and insufficient view of the system. The superiority of using multiple extracranial electrodes over using only one, be it intra- or extra-cranial, is shown in different dynamical behaviours. Our results show potential toward future clinical applications of the method.
CitationEscuain-Poole, L., Garcia, J., Pons, A. J. Extracranial Estimation of Neural Mass Model Parameters Using the Unscented Kalman Filter. "Frontiers in Applied Mathematics and Statistics", 15 Octubre 2018, vol. 4, p. 1-15.