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dc.contributor.authorMestres Beà, Gemma
dc.contributor.authorGinebra Molins, Maria Pau
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Ciència dels Materials i Enginyeria Metal·lúrgica
dc.identifier.citationMestres, G.; Ginebra, M. Novel magnesium phosphate cements with high early strength and antibacterial properties. "Acta biomaterialia", Abril 2011, vol. 7, núm. 4, p. 1853-1861.
dc.description.abstractMagnesium phosphate cements (MPCs) have been extensively used as fast setting repair cements in civil engineering. They have properties that are also relevant to biomedical applications, such as fast setting, early strength acquisition and adhesive properties. However, there are some aspects that should be improved before they can be used in the human body, namely their highly exothermic setting reaction and the release of potentially harmful ammonia or ammonium ions. In this paper a new family of MPCs was explored as candidate biomaterials for hard tissue applications. The cements were prepared by mixing magnesium oxide (MgO) with either sodium dihydrogen phosphate (NaH2PO4) or ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (NH4H2PO4), or an equimolar mixture of both. The exothermia and setting kinetics of the new cement formulations were tailored to comply with clinical requirements by adjusting the granularity of the phosphate salt and by using sodium borate as a retardant. The ammonium-containing MPC resulted in struvite (MgNH4PO4 6H2O) as the major reaction product, whereas the MPC prepared with sodium dihydrogen phosphate resulted in an amorphous product. Unreacted magnesium oxide was found in all the formulations. The MPCs studied showed early compressive strengths substantially higher than that of apatitic calcium phosphate cements. The Na-containing MPCs were shown to have antibacterial activity against Streptococcus sanguinis, which was attributed to the alkaline pH developed during the setting reaction.
dc.format.extent9 p.
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria dels materials::Metal·lúrgia
dc.subject.lcshMaterials science
dc.titleNovel magnesium phosphate cements with high early strength and antibacterial properties
dc.subject.lemacAssaigs de materials
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. BBT - Biomaterials, Biomecànica i Enginyeria de Teixits
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
upcommons.citation.authorMestres, G.; Ginebra, M.
upcommons.citation.publicationNameActa biomaterialia

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