Detection-aided liver lesion segmentation using deep learning
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A fully automatic technique for segmenting the liver and localizing its unhealthy tissues is a convenient tool in order to diagnose hepatic diseases and assess the response to the according treatments. In this work we propose a method to segment the liver and its lesions from Computed Tomography (CT) scans using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), that have proven good results in a variety of computer vision tasks, including medical imaging. The network that segments the lesions consists of a cascaded architecture, which first focuses on the region of the liver in order to segment the lesions on it. Moreover, we train a detector to localize the lesions, and mask the results of the segmentation network with the positive detections. The segmentation architecture is based on DRIU, a Fully Convolutional Network (FCN) with side outputs that work on feature maps of different resolutions, to finally benefit from the multi-scale information learned by different stages of the network. The main contribution of this work is the use of a detector to localize the lesions, which we show to be beneficial to remove false positives triggered by the segmentation network.
CitationBellver, M., Maninis, K., Pont, J., Giro, X., Torres, J., Van Gool, L. Detection-aided liver lesion segmentation using deep learning. A: Machine Learning for Health Workshop at NIPS. "Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 30 (NIPS 2017): NIPS Proceedingsß". 2017, p. 1-5.
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