Design, fabrication and testing of a prototype, thin-vaulted, unreinforced concrete floor
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This paper describes the concept, form finding, fabrication and experimental testing of a prototype floor system, derived from principles of shallow arching action, to initiate internal compressive stresses rather than exclusively flexural stresses. This vaulting in a floor system leads to a lightweight structural element, with significant weight savings compared to traditional concrete floor slabs. The form finding process to generate the floor geometry is presented, with a description of the fabrication process, the concrete mix design, material testing and experimental testing. The results from the serviceability and ultimate load testing of the prototype floor are documented in detail. The data showed that the floor unit was both stiff under service load, with maximum vertical deflections less than span/2500, as well as possessing sufficient strength for ultimate loading, carrying 2.5 times the factored design load in a more critical asymmetric loading scenario. A camera setup was used to measure displacements in-line with traditional displacement transducers, to give contour plots of vertical deflections.
CitationLiew, A., López López, D., Van Mele, T., Block, P. Design, fabrication and testing of a prototype, thin-vaulted, unreinforced concrete floor. "Engineering structures", Abril 2017, vol. 137, p. 323-335.