On the scalability of dynamic Flex-Grid/SDM optical core networks
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Future optical core networks realizing Flex-Grid and Space Division Multiplexing (Flex-Grid/SDM) will be key to effectively cope with the rapid growth of the Internet traffic, thanks to their superior capacity and spectrum utilization flexibility. Specifically about SDM, the spatial dimension can be considered either fixed or flexible. The goal of this work is two-fold. Firstly, it aims at quantifying the capacity (in terms of throughput) of Flex-Grid/SDM networks assuming either a fixed or a flexible spatial dimension. To this end, we scale up the spatial multiplicity from 7 to 30 spatial channels, considering Multi-Fiber (MF) and Multi-Core Fiber (MCF) solutions. Secondly, it also aims at analyzing the throughput scalability in these networks versus their hardware requirements, especially from the transponder requirements point of view. The obtained results show that, for a 4.3× spatial multiplicity scaling factor, the throughput of spatially fixed Flex-Grid/SDM networks scales up to 3.5×. Conversely, when the spatial dimension is considered flexible, throughput can be pushed up to a 5× factor for both MF and MCF solutions. However, a long-term realization of spectrally-spatially flexible optical networks (SS-FONs) requires up to 9.6× more laser sources and 2.7× electronic complexity (per required connection) in the transponders compared to spatially fixed Flex-Grid/SDM networks. Furthermore, SS-FONs enable different options for assigning the spectral and spatial resources to traffic demands. In this sense, another contribution of this work is the introduction of a novel methodology that trades network throughput for transponder (the major network equipment cost in SDM networks) complexity reduction.
CitationRumipamba, R., Perelló, J., Gené, J. M., Spadaro, S. On the scalability of dynamic Flex-Grid/SDM optical core networks. "Computer networks", 4 Setembre 2018, vol. 142, p. 208-222.