Approximating the schema of a set of documents by means of resemblance
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The WWW contains a huge amount of documents. Some of them share the same subject, but are generated by different people or even by different organizations. A semi-structured model allows to share documents that do not have exactly the same structure. However, it does not facilitate the understanding of such heterogeneous documents. In this paper, we offer a characterization and algorithm to obtain a representative (in terms of a resemblance function) of a set of heterogeneous semi-structured documents. We approximate the representative so that the resemblance function is maximized. Then, the algorithm is generalized to deal with repetitions and different classes of documents. Although an exact representative could always be found using an unlimited number of optional elements, it would cause an overfitting problem. The size of an exact representative for a set of heterogeneous documents may even make it useless. Our experiments show that, for users, it is easier and faster to deal with smaller representatives, even compensating the loss in the approximation.
CitationAbelló, A., Palol, X. de, Hacid, M.-S. Approximating the schema of a set of documents by means of resemblance. "Journal on data semantics", 2 Juny 2018, vol. 7, núm. 2, p. 87-105.