Space continuity constraint in dynamic Flex-Grid/SDM optical core networks: An evaluation with spatial and spectral super-channels
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Space Division Multiplexing (SDM) appears as a promising solution to overcome the capacity limits of single-mode optical fibers. In Flex-Grid/SDM optical networks, nodes offering full interconnection between input/output fiber ports and spatial channels, typical SDM-Reconfigurable Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer (SDM-ROADM) referred to as independent switching with lane support (InS with LC support), require very complex and expensive node architectures. Alternative designs have been proposed to relax their requirements, such as those realizing Joint-switching (JoS) by switching one spectrum slice across all spatial channels at once. In this work, we evaluate the benefits of a cost-effective SDM-ROADM architecture that makes a trade-off between (i) performance in terms of network throughput and (ii) architectural complexity by forcing the Space Continuity Constraint (SCC) end-to-end, that is, along the connection physical path. The performance and architectural complexity of such a SDM-ROADM solution are compared in dynamic Flex-Grid/SDM scenarios against benchmark networks based on InS with LC support and JoS SDM-ROADMs, under both spatial and spectral super-channels. We quantify the network throughput when scaling the spatial multiplicity from 7 to 30 spatial channels, considering Multi-Fiber (MF) as well as Multi-Core Fiber (MCF) SDM solutions. The obtained results reveal that differences in terms of network throughput employing InS without LC support SDM-ROADMs is merely up to 14% lower than InS with LC support SDM-ROADMs, while the network CAPEX can be dramatically reduced by 86%. In contrast, networks employing InS without LC support SDM-ROADMs carry up to 40% higher throughput than JoS ones, whereas the network CAPEX can be raised up to 3×. This paper also analyses the spatial multiplicity impact on both network metrics (throughput and CAPEX).
CitationRumipamba, R., Moreno, F.J., Perelló, J., Pavón, P., Spadaro, S. Space continuity constraint in dynamic Flex-Grid/SDM optical core networks: An evaluation with spatial and spectral super-channels. "Computer communications", Agost 2018, vol. 126, p. 38-49.