Normal faulting in the 1923 Berdún earthquake and postorogenic extension in the Pyrenees
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The 10 July 1923 earthquake near Berdún (Spain) is the largest instrumentally recorded event in the Pyrenees. We recover old analog seismograms and use 20 hand-digitized waveforms for regional moment tensor inversion. We estimate moment magnitude Mw 5.4, centroid depth of 8 km, and a pure normal faulting source with strike parallel to the mountain chain (N292°E), dip of 66° and rake of -88°. The new mechanism fits into the general predominance of normal faulting in the Pyrenees and extension inferred from Global Positioning System data. The unique location of the 1923 earthquake, near the south Pyrenean thrust front, shows that the extensional regime is not confined to the axial zone where high topography and the crustal root are located. Together with seismicity near the northern mountain front, this indicates that gravitational potential energy in the western Pyrenees is not extracted locally but induces a wide distribution of postorogenic deformation.
CitationStich, D., Martin, R., Batlló, J., Macia, R., Morales, J. Normal faulting in the 1923 Berdún earthquake and postorogenic extension in the Pyrenees. "Geophysical research letters", 16 Abril 2018, vol. 45, p. 3026-3034.