Place and action: The school building as an enhancer of the learning process
PublisherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Iniciativa Digital Politècnica
Rights accessOpen Access
This paper aims to highlight the relevance of the built space towards society, and more specifically the influence that the school building bears for the learning process, that there takes place. It also intends to emphasize the relevance of studies on space use, assuming that they provide a comprehensive input on the actual occupancy of a particular space, and that conversely present guidelines as an operative design tool when intervening on that or other buildings with a similar brief. Ultimately, contributing for a more complete and effective spatial, social and pedagogical answer to the actual needs and wants of the users, at each particular time, throughout its lifecycle.Hence, it will regard first the relationship between architecture and society, focusing on the bond between providers and users of the places, thought and lived in. Itwill then concentrate on school buildings and their input towards education, considering space use research as a means to understand space as a social «setting» and also a social «influence». Finally, it will address psychosocial studies on spatiality, while dealing with means and techniques within architectural studies concerned with this relationship. Firstly in its generic assertion and secondly and more specifically applied to school buildings.
CitationCoelho, C. Place and action: The school building as an enhancer of the learning process. "Arquitectonics: Mind, Land & Society", Març 2017, núm. 30, p. 311-319.
- Bibliographical References
ALBERTI, L. B. (2011). Da Arte Edificatória. Introdução, notas e revisão
disciplinar de Mário Júlio Teixeira Krüger. Lisboa: Fundação
Calouste Gulbenkian. .
- BARTHES, R. (1977). The Death of the Author. Image, Music, Text (S.
Heath trans.). London: Fontana Press. pp. 142–148. 
- BENJAMIN, W. (1982). The Author as Producer. In A. Arato, E. Gebhardt
(Eds.), The Essential Frankfurt School Reader New York:
Continuum. pp. 254-269. 
- BERNSTEIN, B. (1977). Class, Codes and Control. vol, 3 Towards a
Theory of Educational Transmissions. London: Routledge &
- DEPARTMENT FOR EDUCATION (2010). Music Accommodation in
Secondary Schools: A design guide. London: RIBA Publishing.
- FAWCETT, W. (1995). Architecture: functional approach or the case for
user research. Issues Arq: Vol 1: Spring 1996. 8-15.
- HEITOR, T. (2005), Potential Problems and Challenges in Defining
International Design Principles for Schools, in Papers from OECD/
PEB Expert's group Meetings on Evaluating Quality in Educational
Facilities, OECD, Lisbon
HERTZBERGER, H. (2008). Space and Learning: Lessons in Architecture
3.Rotterdam: 010 Publishers.
- LEFEBVRE, H. (1991). The Production of Space. Donald Nicholson-
Smith (trans.), Oxford: Blackwell. 
- LIPPMAN, P. (2010). Evidence-Based Design of Elementary and
Secondary Schools: A Responsive Approach to Creating Learning
Environments. Hoboken, New .Jersey: John Wiley and Sons.
- MARKUS, T. (1993). Buildings and Power: freedom and control in the
origin of modern building types. London and New York: Routledge.
- MONAHAN, T. (2002). Flexible Space & Built Pedagogy: Emerging IT
Embodiments. Inventio 4 (1): 1-19.
- MOORE, G.; LACKNEY, J. (1994). Educational Facilities for the Twenty-
First Century: Research Analysis and Design Patterns.Milwaukee:
Wisconsin University. School of Architecture and Urban Planning.
- ORNSTEIN, S. (1997). Post-Occupancy Evaluation Performed in
Elementary and High Schools of Greater São Paulo, Brazil: The
Occupants and the Quality of the School Environment. Environment
and Behaviour. Vol. 29. No. 2. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications,
Inc. pp. 236-263.
- POPPER, K. (1972). Objective knowledge: An evolutionary approach.
Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- SANOFF, H. (2001). School Building Assessment Methods.
Washington, D.C.: National Clearinghouse for Educational
- SCHNEIDER, M. (2002). Do School Spaces Affect Academic Outcomes?
Washington, DC: National Clearinghouse for Educational Spaces.
- ZUMTHOR, P. (2010). Thinking architecture. Basel: Birkhäuser.