Treatment of saline produced water through photocatalysis using rGO-TiO 2 nanocomposites
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Graphene like-TiO2 nanocomposites (rGO-TiO2) are prepared via hydrothermal route by following different synthetic protocols. The as-prepared nanostructured materials exhibit higher photocatalytic activity than bare TiO2 in the treatment of synthetic produced water containing high salinity levels and different compositions of recalcitrant dissolved organic matter. The effect of the preparation method on the physico-chemical properties is assessed by performing a wide characterization combining different analyses, such as nitrogen physic-adsorption (BET), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), UV-VIS Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (DRUV) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR). The effect of several operative variables (i.e., TiO2/rGO weight ratios, and addition of hydrogen peroxide) on the photocatalytic activity is also critically evaluated. The highest photocatalytic activity is obtained for a rGO/TiO2 weight ratio of about 10%, for which a good compromise between uniformity of dispersion of the TiO2 particles on the rGO layers and covering degree of the titania photoactive surface is achieved. This study can contribute to open new perspectives in the design of high performance graphene like-based TiO2 photocatalysts for removing hydrophobic bio-recalcitrant pollutants from saline water.
CitationAndreozzi, M., Alvarez , M., Contreras, S., Medina, F., Clarizia, L., Vitiello, G., Llorca, J., Marotta , R. Treatment of saline produced water through photocatalysis using rGO-TiO 2 nanocomposites. "Catalysis today", 1 Octubre 2018, vol. 315, p. 194-204