Hybrid analog-digital transmit beamforming for spectrum sharing backhaul networks
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European Commission's projectSANSA - Shared Access Terrestrial-Satellite Backhaul Network enabled by Smart Antennas (EC-H2020-645047)
This paper deals with the problem of analog-digital transmit beamforming under spectrum sharing constraints for backhaul systems. In contrast to fully digital designs, where the spatial processing is done at baseband unit with all the flexible computational resources of digital processors, analog-digital beamforming schemes require that certain processing is done through analog components, such as phase-shifters or switches. These analog components do not have the same processing flexibility as the digital processor, but on the other hand, they can substantially reduce the cost and complexity of the beamforming solution. This paper presents the joint optimization of the analog and digital parts, which results in a nonconvex, NP-hard, and coupled problem. In order to solve it, an alternating optimization with a penalized convex-concave method is proposed. According to the simulation results, this novel iterative procedure is able to find a solution that behaves close to the fully digital beamforming upper bound scheme.
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CitationVázquez, M., Blanco, L., Perez, A. Hybrid analog-digital transmit beamforming for spectrum sharing backhaul networks. "IEEE transactions on signal processing", 14 Febrer 2018, vol. 66, núm. 9, p. 2273-2285.
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