Industrial symbiosis between the winery and environmental industry through the Utilization of grape marc for water desalination containing copper(II)
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A bioadsorbent formulated with a secondary raw material, consisting of grape marc, subjected to a bioxidize process and entrapped in calcium alginate beads, was used for the desalination of water containing copper(II) sulfate. Experiments were established under different experimental conditions varying the concentration of contaminant, the amount of bioadsorbent, and the extraction time through response surface methodology. The most significant variable in the removal of copper(II) sulfate was the amount of bioadsorbent employed, followed by the extraction time; whereas, the adsorbent capacity was more influenced by the amount of contaminant and the amount of bioadsorbent used. At the highest concentration of copper(II) sulfate (0.15 mol/L), the equations obtained predict that the bioadsorbent has a capacity of 2785 mg/g and produces a copper(II) removal about 43% using low adsorbent/water ratios, 1:10 (v/v), and maximum extraction times; whereas, it would remove 97.2% of copper(II) sulfate in 5 min, using adsorbent/water ratios close to 1:2 (v/v), with capacity values, in this case, around 1800 mg/g. The encapsulation of the bioxidize adsorbent increased its capacity to 30% and allowed the precipitation of sulfate ions as calcium sulfate. The results obtained in this work could presume advances for promoting the industrial symbiosis between winery and environmental industries.
CitationBustos, G., Calvar, S., Vecino, X., Cruz, J., Moldes, A. Industrial symbiosis between the winery and environmental industry through the Utilization of grape marc for water desalination containing copper(II). "Water, air and soil pollution", 1 Febrer 2018, vol. 229, núm. 2.