Study of hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) polymers of different molecular weight and their interaction with epoxy resin
Rights accessOpen Access
Two different commercial hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine)s (HBPEI), with molecular weights (MW) of 800 and 25,000 g/mol, and denoted as PEI800 and PEI25000, respectively, as well as the mixtures with a Diglycidyl Ether of Bisphenol-A (DGEBA) epoxy resin, have been studied using thermal analysis techniques (DSC, TGA), dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS), and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Only a single glass transition is observed in these mixtures by DSC. DRS of the HBPEIs shows three dipolar relaxations: ¿, ß, and a. The average activation energy for the ¿-relaxation is similar for all HBPEIs and is associated with the motion of the terminal groups. The ß-relaxation has the same average activation energy for both PEI800 and PEI25000; this relaxation is attributed to the mobility of the branches. The a-relaxation peak for all the HBPEIs is an asymmetric peak with a shoulder on the high temperature side. This shoulder suggests the existence of ionic charge trapped in the PEI. For the mixtures, the ¿- and ß-relaxations follow the behaviour of the epoxy resin alone, indicating that the epoxy resin dominates the molecular mobility. The a-relaxation by DRS is observed only as a shoulder, as a consequence of an overlap with conductivity effects, whereas by DMA, it is a clear peak.
CitationRoman, F., Colomer, P., Calventus, Y., Hutchinson, J.M. Study of hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) polymers of different molecular weight and their interaction with epoxy resin. "Materials", 9 Març 2018, vol. 11, núm. 3 (410), p. 1-26.