Sea target detection using spaceborne GNSS-R delay-doppler maps: theory and experimental proof of concept using TDS-1 data
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This study addresses a novel application of global navigation satellite system-reflectometry (GNSS-R) delay-Doppler maps (DDMs), namely sea target detection. In contrast with other competing remote sensing technologies, such as synthetic aperture radar and optical systems, typically exploited in the field of sea target detection, GNSS-R systems could be employed as satellite constellations, so as to fulfill the temporal requirements for near real-time ships and sea ice sheets monitoring. In this study, the revisit time offered by GNSS-R systems is quantitatively evaluated by means of a simulation analysis, in which three different realistic GNSS-R missions are simulated and analyzed. Then, a sea target detection algorithm from spaceborne GNSS-R DDMs is described and assessed. The algorithm is based on a sea clutter compensation step and uses an adaptive threshold to take into account spatial variations in the sea background and/or noise statistics. Finally, the sea target detector algorithm is tested and validated for the first time ever using experimental GNSS-R data from the U.K. TechDemoSat-1 dataset. Performance is assessed by providing the receiver operating characteristic curves, and some preliminary experimental results are presented.
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CitationDi Simone, A., Park, H., Riccio, D., Camps, A. Sea target detection using spaceborne GNSS-R delay-doppler maps: theory and experimental proof of concept using TDS-1 data. "IEEE journal of selected topics in applied earth observations and remote sensing", 1 Setembre 2017, vol. 10, núm. 9, p. 4237-4255.