Receive spatial modulation for massive MIMO systems
Document typeConference report
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessOpen Access
In this paper, we consider the downlink of a massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) single user transmission system operating in the millimeter wave outdoor narrowband channel environment. We propose a novel receive spatial modulation architecture aimed to reduce the power consumption at the user terminal, while attaining a significant spectral efficiency and low bit error rate. The energy consumption reduction is obtained through the use of analog devices (amplitude detector), which reduces the number of radio frequency chains and analog to- digital-converters (ADCs). The base station transmits spatial and modulation symbols per channel use. We show that the optimal spatial symbol detector is a threshold detector that can be implemented by using one bit ADC. We derive closed form expressions for the detection threshold at different signal-to noise-ratio (SNR) regions. We derive expressions for the average bit error probability in the presence and absence of the threshold estimation error showing that a small number of pilot symbols is needed. A performance comparison is done between the proposed system and fully digital MIMO showing that a suitable constellation selection can reduce the performance gap.
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CitationRaafat, A., Agustin, A., Vidal, J. Receive spatial modulation for massive MIMO systems. A: IEEE Global Communications Conference. "2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM): proceedings: Singapore: 4-8 December 2017". Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, p. 1-6.