A multistate single-connection calibration for microwave microfluidics
PublisherIEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society
Rights accessOpen Access
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With emerging medical, chemical, and biological applications of microwave-microfluidic devices, many researchers desire a fast and accurate calibration that can be achieved in a single connection. However, traditional on-wafer or coaxial calibrations require measurements of several different artifacts to the data prior to measuring the microwave-microfluidic device. Ideally, a single artifact would be able to present different impedance states to correct the vector network analyzer data, minimizing drift and eliminating artifact-to-artifact connection errors. Here, we developed a multistate single-connection calibration that used a coplanar waveguide loaded with a microfluidic channel. We then used measurements of the uncorrected scattering parameters of the coplanar waveguide with the channel empty, filled with deionized water, and filled with 30 w% (30 grams per liter) of saline to construct an eight-term error model and switch-term correction. After correction, the residuals between measured scattering parameters and with the literaturebased finite-element simulations were below -40 dB from 100 MHz to 110 GHz. This multistate single-connection calibration is compatible with both wafer-probed and connectorized microwave-microfluidic devices for accurate impedance spectroscopy and materials characterization without the need for multiple device measurements.
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CitationOrloff, N., Ma, X., Little, C., Mateu, J. A multistate single-connection calibration for microwave microfluidics. "IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques", 12 Octubre 2017, vol. 66, núm. 2, p. 1099-1107.