On the use of PZT-Patches as exciters in modal analysis: application to submerged structures
Document typeConference report
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Rights accessOpen Access
ProjectHYPERBOLE - HYdropower plants PERformance and flexiBle Operation towards Lean integration of new renewable Energies (EC-FP7-608532)
Modal Analysis is an experimental technique widely used to determine the dynamic response of structures. One of the most critical part is the selection of the actuator that will excite the tested structure. In many cases, traditional exciters, such as hammers and shakers, have been used for this purpose. Nevertheless, these exciters may have the disadvantage of modifying the modal parameters (as reported in some cases) and they are difficult to be used when the structure is not accessible (confined and/or submerged). For these cases PZT-patches, that are very light structures (compared to the tested structure), have been recently used as exciters. Although, in the analyzed studies the natural frequencies of the structure have been determined using PZTs, the rest of parameters that determine the FRF (Frequency response Function) have been not obtained. This could be, because the calibration of PZTs as dynamic force transducers is a complicated task and not an information given by the manufacturers, as in other exciters used for the same purpose. This paper analyzes experimentally and analytically the use of PZT-patches as exciters for modal analysis. For this purpose, a tested structure is excited in different ways with a PZT and its response is compared with a reference case, obtained with a classical exciter. Analyses show how to obtain different modal parameters that determine the FRF of the structure, without previous calibration of the PZT. Finally, and in order to show the potential advantages of these exciters for inaccessible structures, the procedure is repeated for the same structure submerged in water, showing that PZT are much more appropriated exciters in these cases.
CitationPresas, A., Valentin, D., Egusquiza, E., Valero, M., Egusquiza, M., Bossio, M. On the use of PZT-Patches as exciters in modal analysis: application to submerged structures. A: International Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications. "Proceedings of the 3rd International Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications, 5-30 November 2016, volume 1, issue 2". Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2016.