Binary quadratic forms
Tutor / director / evaluadorQuer Bosor, Jordi
Tipo de documentoTrabajo final de grado
Condiciones de accesoAcceso abierto
In this degree thesis, we present some of the theory of integer binary quadratic forms, namely the classification by discriminant, proper equivalence relation, the composition laws and their connection to the ideal class groups. We will also see how quadratic forms are intrinsically connected to some other areas of mathematics, such as the continued fraction of quadratic numbers, which encodes the transformations between neighbouring half-reduced forms in a cycle, or such as the group of units in a quadratic field, which relates to the study of automorphisms of primitive forms, which in turn represent the solutions of Pell's equation $x^2-Dy^2=\pm4$.